The history of cloning and ethical problems related to it

Along with reducing generic diversity, there are risks of transmitting degenerative diseases from the donor human to the clone. Select a research area from the adjacent list Cloning Information: It may come as a surprise for many, but cloning - a subject of debate since a long time, has an interesting history to boast of.

How do the harvested cells from a cloned embryo differ from those produced by sexual reproduction or in-vitro fertilization. Cloning involves a controlled split of the embryo to produce a tailor-made genetic make up. Some advocate human cloning as ethically unacceptable because it is seen as a threat to the entire human evolution.

What are the ethical problems concerning human cloning. Should parents choose the traits of a future child as is possible with cloning. This would result in the decrease in immunity of humans against diseases.

Thus, large-scale cloning might prove to be a serious blow to the entire human race in future.

History of Cloning

Jun 3, Did You Know. Insome meat and dairy producers did propose a system to track all cloned animals as they move through the food chain, suggesting that a national database system integrated into the National Animal Identification System could eventually allow food labeling.

The birth of first cloned mammal - Dolly the sheep, on 5th July,established our ability to clone mammalian species. InDolly the sheep became the first mammal to be successfully cloned.

Cloning is a form of reproduction in which offspring result not from the chance union of egg and sperm sexual reproduction but from the deliberate replication of the genetic makeup of another single individual asexual reproduction.

The progressive International Center for Technology Assessmentfor example, highlights the concerns that cloning will lead to the exploitation of women: The ethical issues with reproductive cloning include genetic damage to the clone, health risks to the mother, very low success rate meaning loss of large numbers of embryos and fetuses, psychological harm to the clone, complex altered familial relationships, and commodification of human life.

History of Human Cloning

Of particular concern are 1 the super-ovulating drugs that women are given in order to provide the eggs for embryo cloning, 2 numerous hormone treatments given to ease egg extraction, and 3 the extraction process itself.

Cloning is a form of reproduction in which offspring result not from the chance union of egg and sperm sexual reproduction but from the deliberate replication of the genetic makeup of another single individual asexual reproduction. From women in this country or abroad, and it is highly likely that many of these women will have to become repeat donors.

Ethically, it is wrong for any human to have control over the genetic make up of any other individual. The rapid advancements in science and technology over the last couple of decades has meant that mankind is exploring newer frontiers and challenging long-held beliefs and notions. The cloning required an astonishing trials that produced only 29 embryos, among which only one birth survived.

When we are unsure about the implications or consequences of such situations, it is ethically wrong to subject any individual to such tests as fellow human beings.

The process involves introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell donor into an oocyte egg cell whose own nucleus has been removed or inactivated, and then stimulating this new entity to begin dividing and growing, yielding a cloned human embryo.

At the other end of spectrum are some experts who are of the opinion that the embryo does not require any particular moral consideration. Even when genetically identical twins are born, their embryo splits spontaneously or randomly to give a new unique genetic combination.

Mitochondria contain a small piece of DNA that specifies the genetic instructions for making several essential mitochondrial proteins. From a Christian Theistic worldview, cloning or intentionally making changes in the human blueprint is playing God.

They think that the embryo attains human identity or individuality much later during gestation, perhaps at the point when the brain develops so that it becomes aware of itself. With all these examples, the question whether the practice of animal cloning has really been successful remains unanswered as yet.

Illegal Cloning and Clones A cloned child having multiple donors might complicate parental right issues as well as inheritance and marital eligibility issues. All cloning produces a human embryo and is therefore reproductive in nature.

Thus making humans susceptible to epidemics and unknown diseases.

Issue Analysis: Human cloning

This Machiavellian approach would be difficult to justify even if ESC research were to lead to miraculous cures. Illegal Cloning and Clones A cloned child having multiple donors might complicate parental right issues as well as inheritance and marital eligibility issues.

About ten states have banned reproductive cloning with five banning research cloning. Judaism does not equate life with conception and, though some question the wisdom of cloning, Orthodox rabbis generally find no firm reason in Jewish law and ethics to object to cloning.

[26] [27] Liberal Jewish thinkers have cautioned against cloning, among other genetic engineering efforts, though some prize the potential medical advantages. A look at the ethical issues in cloning. by NeeleshBhandari in Types > Books - Non-fiction, Science, and Medicine.

Ethics of cloning

HUMAN CLONING ETHICAL ISSUES UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND A BRIEF HISTORY OF CLONING C4/4(1). The committee is drafting a report to the legislature that is due on December 31, The report will discuss the science of cloning, and the ethical and legal considerations of applications of cloning technology.

It will also set out recommendations to the legislature regarding regulation of human cloning. The ethical issues with reproductive cloning include genetic damage to the clone, health risks to the mother, very low success rate meaning loss of large numbers of embryos and fetuses, psychological harm to the clone, complex altered familial relationships, and commodification of human life.

One result was that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission was asked by the president of the United States to report on the ethical and legal issues arising from the possibility that the cloning of humans could become a reality.

One result was that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission was asked by the president of the United States to report on the ethical and legal issues arising from the possibility that the cloning of humans could become a reality.

The history of cloning and ethical problems related to it
Rated 4/5 based on 63 review
Bioethical Issues - Cloning